Honey Bees in Malaysia
Bees are an integral part to the ecosystem and food production as they are respnsible for around 80% of plant and flower pollination. There are about 20.000 bee species in the world and it can be found on every continent except Antarctica.
In Malaysia, the common types of bees found are the honey bee, stingless bee, carpenter bee, small carpenter bee, bumbie bee and resin bee. The various honey bees found in Malaysia under the stinging bees family are the Lebah Kampung, Lebah Tualang and Lebah Kerdil Hitam, while Lebah Kelulut are categorised as stingless bees. These bees produces honey and their nests are often harvested to extract honey in the jungle.
Three stamps with a face value of 60sen each were produced for this series. Among the honey bees species highlighted for this series are the Apis Dorsata (tualang bee), Apis Cerana (kampung bee) and Apis Andreniformis (kerdil hitam bee).
Lebah Kelulut or stingless bees is well-known in Malaysia for producing honey. There are over 30 species of stingless bees in Malaysia, but the most commonly used for honey bee farming are the Heterotrigona Itama sp. The bees are housed in log hives or Mustafa-Hive, and the honey is extracted without destroying the bee colony and its honey pots.
Currently, there are now less and less honey to be collectedd in the jungle. This is due to high demand for the wild honey, thus, there is a tendency to over-harvest the honey, which may lead to decrease in the honey bees´ population.
One way to address the problem of over-harvesting honey bees is to introduce sustainable honey bee farming. Bee keepers and honexy collectors should be informed and trained on the proper method to harvest honey without tempering or destroying the bees´natural habitat.
Universiti Sains Malaysia via its Research & Development (R&D) institution, have developed a more systematic way of farming Kelulut honey bees, which is more organic and environmentally friendly. Through a comprehensive method and proper coaching, local farmers are able to sustain the bees´ longevity and concurrently, will be able to maintain the honey´s supply which in turn will increase their income in the long run.
3 Sheets 20x60sen